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Most Common Eye Problems

Introduction:

Our eyes are one of the most important organs in our body, and we need to take care of it. With the increase in age, we face many issues with our eyes healthy.

Eye Problems

The following are some of the common eye problems we face:

  • Cataracts.
  • Conjunctivitis.
  • Refractive errors.
  • Macular Degeneration.

1.    Cataracts

Cataracts usually develop in older adults where the lens clouds up and cause difficulty in seeing. Cataracts result from the deterioration of protein which causes the fluid inside the eyes to cloud the glass. If left uncared, the clouding of the lens can increase and entirely prevent you from seeing. When people have cataracts, the have blurred vision, and they will not be able to see things. Cataracts caused due to increased exposure to radiation, smoking or by excessive drinking of alcohol. If your body lacks in vitamin C, you are likely to develop a cataract. The only good thing about this is that cataract is the only eye problem that gets cured surgically.

2. Conjunctivitis:

The inflammation of the white layers, i.e., the cornea causes redness in the eye, this inflammation also irritates the eyes. Conjunctivitis is also known as pink eye as the eye turns reddish pink when it is inflamed. Conjunctivitis is very common in people. The viral or bacterial infection causes it. Some allergies and also dryness can cause conjunctivitis.

The inflammation is contagious and gets transferred from one person to another, so if you are affected with conjunctivitis, it is advisable not to mingle with people or use other peoples personal items like towels, plates, etc.

3. Refractive Errors:

Refractive Errors caused due to the difference in the shape of the lens in the eyes. Since the form of the lens is different.

Long Sightedness is a condition where the light which is focused by the lens does not fall on the retina but falls behind the retina. So the person has a blurred vision of the things which are nearer to him while he gets to see the things which are far clearer.

Short Sightedness is a state where the light which is focused by the lens does not fall on the retina but falls in front of the retina. So the person has a blurred vision of the things which are far to him while he gets to see the things which are near to him more clearly.

4. Macular degeneration:

Macular degeneration is the degeneration of the macula which is the central portion of your retina. The degeneration of this center position which helps you to perceive images and view things. Thus making it harder for you to drive, read, or see the faces of people. To prevent macular degeneration, you can change your diet pattern and exercise more. Also, try to prevent your eyes from ultra violet radiation. There is not much treatment available for the cure of macular degeneration, but there is much research which is being conducted to find the perfect cure.

Posted in Most Common Eye Problems